Bible Book of Lists
The Bible is like an infinite jigsaw puzzle, challenging the finest of intellects. The purpose of the Bible Book of Lists is to provide a few sorted and organized jigsaw puzzle pieces to encourage you to engage in the puzzle yourself. The more you learn, the more pieces will fall into place and the more amazed you'll be with what God is up to! Jesus Himself made a promise, Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. (Luke 11:9) The Bible is God's love letter to YOU. Seek Him through it. It surprises me how few Christians bother to read it, let alone engage with it or seek out the riches within. I can only assume they have never personally experienced the great feeling that comes from discovering what God has hidden in plain sight for us to find. I can only be grateful for the excellent teachers who got me started digging into the Bible and finding its riches!
- What the Bible Says about Itself
- Scriptures Supporting Study of Old Testament Types
- Five Fundamentals of Christianity
- Some Basic Principles
- Old Testament / New Testament
- Old Testament Sections and 39 Books
- Fourteen Books of the Apocrypha
- Seven Days of Creation
- Fourteen Appearances of Primeval Light (Shekinah Glory)
- Seven Covenants and Signs
- Twelve Tribes of Israel
- Ten Plagues of Egypt
- Seven Dispensations
- Redemptive Weeks
- Jewish Religious Calendar
- Feasts of the Lord
- Jewish Betrothal Wedding Ceremony
- Barren Women in the Bible
- Persons Recorded as Having Been Raised from the Dead
- Jews, Greeks, Church
- Ten Commandments (Decalogue, or "Ten Words")
- Provisions for Cleansing Defilement in the Old Testament
- Five Points of Calvinism
- New Testament Books
- Twelve Apostles
- Petitions in the Lord's Prayer
- Jesus' Seven Sayings on the Cross
- Seven "I AM" Statements of Jesus
- Facets of the Kingdom of God
- Parables of the Mystery Kingdom
- Titles of Christ
- Christ as Prophet, Priest and King
- Signs of the Times
- Six Abodes of Satan
- Five "I Wills" of Satan
- Seven Seals in Revelation
- Seven Trumpets in Revelation
- Seven Bowls in Revelation
- Seven Crises in World History
- Holy Trinity and Unholy Trinity
- Names of God
- Names of Satan
- Names of Antichrist
- God wrote it.
And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. (2 Peter 1:19-21)
- Every word is inspired.
All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
- It will stand forever.
The grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of our God stands forever. (Isaiah 40:8)
Your word, O LORD, is eternal; it stands firm in the heavens. (Psalm 119:89)
- Mankind is forbidden to alter it.
Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of the LORD your God that I give you. (Deuteronomy 4:2)
I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. And if anyone takes words away from this book of prophecy, God will take away from him his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.(Revelation 22:18-19)
- It always has an effect.
...so is my word that goes out from my mouth: It will not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it. (Isaiah 55:11)
- It cleanses and purifies Christians.
Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. (Ephesians 5:25-27)
- The Bible is God's written Word. Jesus is God's living Word, the Word made flesh.
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14)
- All Scripture is about Jesus. He's on every page of the Bible. Jesus is the Antitype, the elevated type, of all types and shadows in the Old Testament.
He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (Luke 24:25-27)
He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” (Luke 24:44)
You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me... (John 5:39)
- Everything in the Old Testament was written as an example, to teach us.
For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. (Romans 15:4)
- Adam is a type of Christ. Adam was not deceived.
Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come. (Romans 5:14)
And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. (1 Timothy 2:14)
- Types and patterns of Christ exist throughout Scripture.
They all ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did. (1 Corinthians 10:3-6)
- The Bible is the inspired Word of God, without flaw in its original form.
- Christ was born of a virgin.
- The miracles of Christ are historical events.
- Christ's Crucifixion is substitutionary atonement (He willingly accepted punishment for our sins).
- Bodily resurrection.
- Correct doctrine is important to God.
For the time will come when men will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths. (2 Timothy 4:3-4)
You must teach what is in accord with sound doctrine. (Titus 2:1)
- We are entrusted with the secret things of God. We are stewards of His mysteries.
The LORD confides in those who fear him; he makes his covenant known to them. (Psalm 25:14)
So then, men ought to regard us as servants of Christ and as those entrusted with the secret things of God. (1 Corinthians 4:1)
- Human knowledge is foolishness to God.
For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God’s sight. (1 Corinthians 3:19)
“For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways,” declares the LORD. (Isaiah 55:8)
- First mention. When something is unclear, study its first mention in Scripture.
- Nothing in Scripture is irrelevant. When things do not appear to make sense, there are treasures to be found.
- Story of Israel, Law
- Where are you? (Genesis 3:9)
- Where is the Lamb? (Genesis 22:7)
- Ends with a curse
- Story of Jesus
- Where is He? (Matthew 2:2)
- Behold the Lamb! (John 1:29)
- Ends with a blessing.
The Old Testament is the Father's ministry to man
The Gospels are the Son's ministry to man
The Acts & Epistles are the Spirit's ministry to man.
- Law / Torah / Pentateuch: Genesis to Deuteronomy
- History—Theocratic Kingdom: Joshua to Esther
- Philosophy and Poetry: Job to Song of Solomon
- Prophecy / Major Prophets: Isaiah to Daniel
- Prophecy / Minor Prophets: Hosea to Malachi
- Genesis ("beginnings")
Jesus as the Seed of the Woman
And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” (Genesis 3:15)
- Exodus ("way out")
Jesus as the Passover Lamb
The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt. (Exodus 12:13)
- Leviticus (concerns Levites, priests)
Jesus in the sacrifices and feasts
Jesus lifted up against the serpent's work
So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, he lived. (Numbers 21:9)
Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up... (John 3:14)
- Deuteronomy ("second law", marriage contract between YHWH and Israel)
Jesus as the Great Prophet
The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. (Deuteronomy 18:15)
For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. (Acts 3:22)
“This is that Moses who told the Israelites, ‘God will send you a prophet like me from your own people. (Acts 7:37)
- Joshua ("salvation")
- Ruth ("friendship"), read at Pentecost
Jesus, our Kinsman Redeemer
- 1 Samuel ("asked of God")
- 2 Samuel
- 1 Kings
- 2 Kings
- 1 Chronicles
- 2 Chronicles
- Esther ("star"), read at Purim
- Psalms (tehillim in Hebrew, "praises")
- Ecclesiastes ("preacher"), read at Pentecost
- Song of Solomon, read at Passover
- Isaiah (to Judah)
- Jeremiah (to Judah)
- Lamentations (to Judah), read on the 9th of Av, the date Solomon's Temple was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar and the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans.
- Ezekiel (to captive Jews in Babylon)
- Daniel (to Babylon)
- Hosea (to Israel)
- Joel (to Judah)
- Amos (to Israel)
- Obadiah (to Judah)
- Jonah (to Ninevah)
- Micah (to Judah)
- Nahum (to Ninevah)
- Habakkuk (to Judah)
- Zephaniah (to Judah)
- Haggai (to Judah)
- Zechariah (to Judah)
- Malachi (to Judah)
400 years of silence ensued between the writing of Malachi and the New Testament. The books of the Apocrypha were written during this time.
The Apocrypha not considered by Protestants to be inspired Scripture. These books are included in the Catholic Bible.
- 1 Esdras
- 2 Esdras
- Additions to the Book of Esther
- Wisdom of Solomon
- Prayer of Azaria, Song of the Three Young Men
- Bel and the Dragon
- Prayer of Manasseh
- 1 Maccabees
- 2 Maccabees
- Primeval Light
And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning — the first day. (Genesis 1:3-5)
And God said, “Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water.” So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. God called the expanse “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning — the second day. (Genesis 1:6-8)
- Land / Vegetation
And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so. God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:9-10) Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so. The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning — the third day. (Genesis 1:11-13)
- Sun, moon, stars
And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so. God made two great lights — the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning — the fourth day. (Genesis 1:14-19)
- Fish and fowl
And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky.” So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” And there was evening, and there was morning — the fifth day. (Genesis 1:20-23)
- Animals / Man
And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind.” And it was so. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:24-25)
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground — everything that has the breath of life in it — I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning — the sixth day. (Genesis 1:26-3)
By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. (Genesis 2:2)
- "Let there be light."
And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. (Genesis 1:3)
- Exit of Eden, flaming swords
After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life. (Genesis 3:24)
- Smoking furnace, blazing torch
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces. (Genesis 15:17)
- Burning bush
There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. (Exodus 3:2)
- Ninth plague
No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived. (Exodus 10:23)
- Pillar of cloud, pillar of fire
By day the LORD went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. (Exodus 13:21)
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently... (Exodus 19:18)
To the Israelites the glory of the LORD looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain. (Exodus 24:17)
- Filled the temple
And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the temple of God. (2 Chronicles 5:14)
- Departed from the Temple
Then the glory of the LORD rose from above the cherubim and moved to the threshold of the temple. The cloud filled the temple, and the court was full of the radiance of the glory of the LORD. (Ezekiel 10:4)
- Shepherds at Bethlehem
An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. (Luke 2:9)
- Mount of Transfiguration
There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light. (Matthew 17:2)
They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. (Acts 2:3)
- Paul on the road to Damascus
As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. (Acts 9:3)
- New Jerusalem
The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. (Revelation 21:23)
Source: Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Footprints of the Messiah
God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground — everything that has the breath of life in it — I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:28-30)
The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. And the LORD God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.” (Genesis 2:15-17)
So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Genesis 3:14-19)
- Noahic (sign is the rainbow)
Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The LORD smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: “Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done. “As long as the earth endures, seed-time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease.” Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth. The fear and dread of you will fall upon all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon every creature that moves along the ground, and upon all the fish of the sea; they are given into your hands. Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. “But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it. And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal. And from each man, too, I will demand an accounting for the life of his fellow man. “Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God has God made man. As for you, be fruitful and increase in number; multiply on the earth and increase upon it.” Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: “I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you and with every living creature that was with you — the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you — every living creature on earth. I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth.” And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life. Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth.” So God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant I have established between me and all life on the earth.” (Genesis 8:20-9:17)
- Abrahamic (sign is circumcision)
The LORD had said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you. “I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” (Genesis 12:1-3)
- Mosaic (sign is the Sabbath)
And God spoke all these words: “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand [generations] of those who love me and keep my commandments. You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. (Exodus 19-40, including the Ten Commandments in Exodus 20:1-17)
That night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, saying: “Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what the LORD says: Are you the one to build me a house to dwell in? I have not dwelt in a house from the day I brought the Israelites up out of Egypt to this day. I have been moving from place to place with a tent as my dwelling. Wherever I have moved with all the Israelites, did I ever say to any of their rulers whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, Why have you not built me a house of cedar?’" “Now then, tell my servant David, ‘This is what the LORD Almighty says: I took you from the pasture and from following the flock to be ruler over my people Israel. I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you. Now I will make your name great, like the names of the greatest men of the earth. And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning and have done ever since the time I appointed leaders over my people Israel. I will also give you rest from all your enemies. “‘The LORD declares to you that the LORD himself will establish a house for you: When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with the rod of men, with floggings inflicted by men. But my love will never be taken away from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’” Nathan reported to David all the words of this entire revelation. (2 Samuel 7:4-17)
When all these blessings and curses I have set before you come upon you and you take them to heart wherever the LORD your God disperses you among the nations, and when you and your children return to the LORD your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today, then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you. Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the LORD your God will gather you and bring you back. He will bring you to the land that belonged to your fathers, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than your fathers. The LORD your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live. The LORD your God will put all these curses on your enemies who hate and persecute you. You will again obey the LORD and follow all his commands I am giving you today. Then the LORD your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your land. The LORD will again delight in you and make you prosperous, just as he delighted in your fathers, if you obey the LORD your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law and turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. (Deuteronomy 30:1-10)
For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. But God found fault with the people and said: “The time is coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord. This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear. (Hebrews 8:7-13)
The mother's name is in parenthesis. Sources: Genesis 29:32-30:24; 35:18
- Reuben (Leah) "He has seen my misery."
- Simeon (Leah) "one who hears"
Levi (Leah) "attached" (priestly tribe, not counted as one of the 12)
- Judah (Leah) "praise"
- Dan (Bilhah) "He has vindicated."
- Naphtali (Bilhah) "my struggle"
- Gad (Zilpah) "good fortune"
- Asher (Zilpah) "happy"
- Issachar (Leah) "reward"\
- Zebulun (Leah) "honor"
Joseph (Rachel) "may he add" (Joseph's sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, each fathered one of the 12 tribes)
- Ephraim "forget"
- Mannasseh "twice fruitful"
- Benjamin (Rachel) "son of my right hand"
- Water into blood (Exodus 7:14-24)
- Frogs (Exodus 8:1-15)
- Gnats (Exodus 8:16-19)
- Flies (Exodus 8:20-32)
- Death of Livestock (Exodus 9:1-7)
- Boils (Exodus 9:8-12)
- Hail (Exodus 9:13-35)
- Locusts (Exodus 10:1-20)
- Darkness (Exodus 10:21-29)
- Death of the Firstborn (Exodus 11:1-10)
- Innocence (ended with the Fall)
- Conscience (ended with the Flood)
- Human Government (ended with Babel)
- Family (ended with the Exodus)
- Law (began at Sinai, ended with Christ)
- Grace (current dispensation, will end with gathering of the Bride at Rapture)
- Messianic (will begin with Second Coming and continue for 1000 years)
Source: Clarence Larkin, Dispensational Truth
- Week of Days. Creation, seventh day is Sabbath
Genesis 1:1-2:3 (see Days of Creation)
- Week of Weeks. Seven weeks from Firstfruits, morning after is Festival of Weeks
From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD. (Leviticus 23:15-16)
- Week of Months. Seven months in cycle of feasts
Leviticus 23:1-44 (see Jewish Religious Calendar)
- Week of Years. Seven years, then Sabbath for the land
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything. (Exodus 21:2)
The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you, the land itself must observe a sabbath to the LORD. For six years sow your fields, and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops. But in the seventh year the land is to have a sabbath of rest, a sabbath to the LORD. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards. Do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. The land is to have a year of rest. Whatever the land yields during the sabbath year will be food for you — for yourself, your manservant and maidservant, and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you, as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Whatever the land produces may be eaten. (Leviticus 25:1-7)
- Week of Weeks of Years. Seven Sabbaths of years, then Jubilee
“‘Count off seven sabbaths of years — seven times seven years — so that the seven sabbaths of years amount to a period of forty-nine years. Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land. Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each one of you is to return to his family property and each to his own clan. The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines. For it is a jubilee and is to be holy for you; eat only what is taken directly from the fields. “‘In this Year of Jubilee everyone is to return to his own property. “‘If you sell land to one of your countrymen or buy any from him, do not take advantage of each other. You are to buy from your countryman on the basis of the number of years since the Jubilee. And he is to sell to you on the basis of the number of years left for harvesting crops. When the years are many, you are to increase the price, and when the years are few, you are to decrease the price, because what he is really selling you is the number of crops. Do not take advantage of each other, but fear your God. I am the LORD your God. (Leviticus 25:8-17)
- Week of Millenniums. Seven thousand years, then Millennium
For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night. (Psalm 90:4)
But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day. (2 Peter 3:8)
- Nisan / Abib (March-April)
Spring rains. barley and flax harvest
Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits
- Iyyar / Ziv (April-May)
- Sivan (May-June)
Festival of Weeks
- Tammuz (June-July)
- Ab (July-August)
Temple destroyed on 9th of Ab by Nebuchadnezzar and later the Romans
- Elul (August-September)
- Tishri / Ethanim (September-October)
Autumn rains, plowing
Trumpets, Atonement, Tabernacles
- Heshran / Bul (October-November)
- Kislev (November-December)
- Tebeth (December-January)
- Shebat (January-February)
- Adar (February-March)
Note: Tishri is the first month of the civil calendar. God changed the calendar in Exodus 12:2, making Nisan the first month.
- Passover, Peschach (Exodus 12:1-14; Leviticus 23:4-5), 14 Nisan
Death of firstborn in Egypt, Crucifixion
Represents redemption. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. (1 Corinthians 5:7)
Four Passover cups: Cup of Thanksgiving, Cup of Sanctification / Redemption, Cup of Blessing, Elijah's Cup
- Unleavened Bread, Hag-Matzot (Exodus 12:15-20, Leviticus 23:6-8), 15-21 Nisan
Represents holy walk. Therefore let us keep the Festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with bread without yeast, the bread of sincerity and truth. (1 Corinthians 5:8)
- Firstfruits, Bikkurim (Leviticus 23:9-14)
Day after Unleavened Bread
Crossing of the Red Sea, Jesus' resurrection
Represents resurrection. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. But each in his own turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him. (1 Corinthians 15:22-23)
- Feast of Weeks, Pentecost, Shavout (Leviticus 23:15-22)
7 x 7 + 1 day after Firstfruits
Law given at Sinai; Holy Spirit given
When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. (Acts 2:1-4)
- Trumpets, Rosh Hashanah (Lev. 23:23-25), 1 Tishri
Regathering of Israel, Rapture
“Immediately after the distress of those days“‘the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’ At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other. (Matt. 24:29-31)
- Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur (Leviticus 23:26-32), 10 Tishri
Atonement for Israel, Tribulation
On that day a fountain will be opened to the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity. (Zechariah 13:1)
And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob." (Romans 11:26)
- Tabernacles, Feast of Booths, Sukkot (Lev. 23:33-43), 15th-22 Tishri (8 days)
“The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when the reaper will be overtaken by the plowman and the planter by the one treading grapes. New wine will drip from the mountains and flow from all the hills. I will bring back my exiled people Israel; they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them. They will plant vineyards and drink their wine; they will make gardens and eat their fruit. I will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have given them,” says the LORD your God. (Amos 9:13-17)
Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, they will have no rain. If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The LORD will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. On that day HOLY TO THE LORD will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the LORD’s house will be like the sacred bowls in front of the altar. Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to the LORD Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD Almighty. (Zechariah 14:16-21)
All males were required to go to Jerusalem for Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Booths (Exodus 23:14-19).
Additional feasts of Israel (not Feasts of the Lord):
- Hanukkah (25 Kislev, 8 days, John 10:22)
- Purim (15 Adar, Esther 9-10, Matthew 17:12)
Sources: Hayyim Schauss, The Jewish Festivals, Edward Chumney, The Seven Festivals of the Messiah
- Selection of the bride by the father. The father sends a trusted servant, "Agent of the Father," to search out the bride.
He (Abraham) said to the chief servant in his household, the one in charge of all that he had, “Put your hand under my thigh. I want you to swear by the LORD, the God of heaven and the God of earth, that you will not get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, but will go to my country and my own relatives and get a wife for my son Isaac.” (Genesis 24)
Though you have not seen him, you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy... (1 Peter 1:8)
- The price is established and agreed upon by the father and the son.
For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. (1 Peter 1:18-19)
- The bride and groom are betrothed (legally bound).
- The contract must be written. (Torah, Bible)
- The bride must give her consent.
The people all responded together, “We will do everything the LORD has said.” So Moses brought their answer back to the LORD. (Exodus 19:8)
When Moses went and told the people all the LORD’s words and laws, they responded with one voice, “Everything the LORD has said we will do.” (Exodus 24:3)
That if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. (Romans 10:9)
- Gifts must be given and a cup shared.
After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you." (Luke 22:17)
- The bride must be cleansed in a Mikvah.
“‘Later I passed by, and when I looked at you and saw that you were old enough for love, I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your nakedness. I gave you my solemn oath and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Sovereign LORD, and you became mine. I bathed you with water and washed the blood from you and put ointments on you...'" (Ezekiel 16:8-14)
After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes. (Exodus 19:14)
John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire." (Luke 3:16)
For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit. (Acts 1:5)
- The bridegroom departs to prepare a house for the bride.
“Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am. (John 14:1-3)
- The bride is consecrated (made holy, set aside, separated from the world). The groom's father gives permission for the son to go to the bride.
“No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father." (Mark 13:32)
But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare. (2 Peter 3:10)
- The shofar is blown. The bridegroom returns with a shout, "Behold, the bridegroom comes!" and "Blessed is he who comes!"
“At midnight the cry rang out: ‘Here’s the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!’" (Matthew 25:6)
For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord." (Matthew 23:39) For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. (1 Corinthians 15:52)
- The bridegroom abducts the bride for seven days.
Gather the people, consecrate the assembly; bring together the elders, gather the children, those nursing at the breast. Let the bridegroom leave his room and the bride her chamber. (Joel 2:16)
- The marriage supper for all. The guests are invited by the father of the bride. A friend of the bridegroom relays the news.
The bride belongs to the bridegroom. The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete. (John 3:29)
Source: Edward Chumney, The Seven Festivals of the Messiah
- Sarah, Abraham's wife
Now Sarai was barren; she had no children. (Genesis 11:30)
- Rebekah, Isaac's wife
Isaac prayed to the LORD on behalf of his wife, because she was barren. The LORD answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. (Genesis 25:21)
- Rachel, Jacob's wife
When the LORD saw that Leah was not loved, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren. (Genesis 29:31)
- Samson's mother
A certain man of Zorah, named Manoah, from the clan of the Danites, had a wife who was sterile and remained childless. (Judges 13:2)
- Hannah, Samuel's mother
But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb. (1 Samuel 1:5)
- Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist
But they had no children, because Elizabeth was barren; and they were both well along in years. (Luke 1:7)
- Mary, mother of Jesus (miraculous birth)
This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1:18)
- Widow of Zarephath's son, raised by Elijah.
The LORD heard Elijah’s cry, and the boy’s life returned to him, and he lived. (1Kings 17:22)
- Shunammite woman's son, raised by Elisha.
Then he got on the bed and lay upon the boy, mouth to mouth, eyes to eyes, hands to hands. As he stretched himself out upon him, the boy’s body grew warm. Elisha turned away and walked back and forth in the room and then got on the bed and stretched out upon him once more. The boy sneezed seven times and opened his eyes. (2 Kings 4:34-35)
- Man raised when he came into contact with Elisha's bones.
Elisha died and was buried. Now Moabite raiders used to enter the country every spring. Once while some Israelites were burying a man, suddenly they saw a band of raiders; so they threw the man’s body into Elisha’s tomb. When the body touched Elisha’s bones, the man came to life and stood up on his feet. (2 Kings 13:20-21)
- Widow of Nain's son, raised by Jesus.
Then he went up and touched the coffin, and those carrying it stood still. He said, “Young man, I say to you, get up!” The dead man sat up and began to talk, and Jesus gave him back to his mother. (Luke 7:14-15)
- Jairus' daughter, raised by Jesus.
Meanwhile, all the people were wailing and mourning for her. “Stop wailing,” Jesus said. “She is not dead but asleep.” They laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. But he took her by the hand and said, “My child, get up!” Her spirit returned, and at once she stood up. Then Jesus told them to give her something to eat. Her parents were astonished, but he ordered them not to tell anyone what had happened. (Luke 8:52-56)
- Lazarus, raised by Jesus after he had been three days in the tomb.
When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!” The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, “Take off the grave clothes and let him go.” (John 11:43-44)
He is not here; he has risen, just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay. (Matthew 28:6)
But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. (Acts 2:24)
- Many holy people in tombs when Jesus gave up His spirit.
The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. (Matthew 27:52)
- Dorcas, raised by Peter.
Peter sent them all out of the room; then he got down on his knees and prayed. Turning toward the dead woman, he said, “Tabitha, get up.” She opened her eyes, and seeing Peter she sat up. (Acts 9:40)
- Eutychus, raised by Paul.
Seated in a window was a young man named Eutychus, who was sinking into a deep sleep as Paul talked on and on. When he was sound asleep, he fell to the ground from the third story and was picked up dead. Paul went down, threw himself on the young man and put his arms around him. “Don’t be alarmed,” he said. “He’s alive!” Then he went upstairs again and broke bread and ate. After talking until daylight, he left. The people took the young man home alive and were greatly comforted. (Acts 20:9-12)
Note: Jonah was in the belly of a great fish for 3 days and 3 nights. A case can be made that this was also a death and resurrection. (Jonah 1:17-2:10)
- Jews (Israel, wife of YHWH)
- Greeks (Gentiles, world)
- Church (Bride of Christ)
Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. (Revelation 19:7)
- Burnt offering (Leviticus 1). Represents acceptance
With burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased. Then I said, "Here I am — it is written about me in the scroll — I have come to do your will, O God." (Hebrews 10:6-7)
- Meal offering or grain offering (Leviticus 2). Represents dedication / consecration
- Peace offering or fellowship offering (Leviticus 3). Represents reconciliation, fellowship
- Sin offering (Leviticus 4:1-5:13, Romans 8:3). Represents propitiation
God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21)
- Trespass offering or guilt offering (Leviticus 5:14-6:7). Represents repentance
- The Outer Court of the Tabernacle was accessible by only one gate.
- The Holy Place contained the table of shewbread, the golden lampstand, and the golden altar of incense.
- The Holy of Holies was separated from the Holy Place by a veil, which represents the flesh.
At that moment (when Jesus gave up His spirit), the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split. (Matthew 27:51)
Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body. (Hebrews 10:19-20)
- Bronze altar. Represents Jesus, our burnt offering
And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God. (Hebrews 10:10-12)
- Bronze laver. Represents daily cleansing
- Table of shewbread. Represents fellowship
"I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.” (John 6:51)
- Menorah: Golden lampstand. Represents Jesus, light of the world
The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world. (John 1:9)
When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” (John 8:12)
I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. (Revelation 21:22-23)
- Golden altar of incense. Represents prayers of the saints
And when he had taken it, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb. Each one had a harp and they were holding golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. (Revelation 5:8)
The smoke of the incense, together with the prayers of the saints, went up before God from the angel’s hand. (Revelation 8:4)
- Ark of the Covenant, in Holy of Holies. Represents God's law
- Mercy Seat, on top of the Ark. Represents God's grace
Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place, which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron’s staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now. (Hebrews 9:3-9)
When everything had been arranged like this, the priests entered regularly into the outer room to carry on their ministry. But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance. The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing. This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to cleanse the conscience of the worshiper.
- You shall have no other gods before me. (Exodus 20:3)
- You shall not make for yourself a carved image. (Exodus 20:4)
- You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain. (Exodus 20:7)
- Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. (Exodus 20:8)
- Honor your father and your mother. (Exodus 20:12)
- You shall not murder. (Exodus 20:13)
- You shall not commit adultery. (Exodus 20:14)
- You shall not steal. (Exodus 20:15)
- You shall not bear false witness. (Exodus 20:16)
- You shall not covet. (Exodus 20:17)
- Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, atones for sin of the nation of Israel. (Leviticus 16)
- Sin Offering atones for sins against God. (Leviticus 4-5)
- Trespass offering ends defilement of man against man. (Leviticus 5-7)
- Ashes of the red heifer. (Numbers 19)
- Cleansing of the leper. (Leviticus 13)
Make a bronze basin, with its bronze stand, for washing. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water in it. (Exodus 30:18)
He placed the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it for washing. (Exodus 40:30)
- Golden plate, to bear the iniquity of the high priest.
Make an atonement cover of pure gold — two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. (Exodus 25:17)
Put the atonement cover on the ark of the Testimony in the Most Holy Place. (Exodus 26:34)
- Total Depravity (God alone acts to save)
- Unconditional Election (predestination)
- Limited Atonement
- Irresistible Grace
- Preservation of Saints
- Matthew. Written to the Jews. Theme: Kingship of Jesus. Tone: Prophetic. Emphasis on the Sermons. Hebrew time.
- Mark. Written to the Romans. Theme: Servanthood of Jesus. Tone: Practical. Emphasis on the Miracles. Greek time.
- Luke. Written to the Greeks. Theme: Jesus, the Son of Man. Tone: Historical. Emphasis on the Parables. Greek time.
- John. Written to the World. Theme: Jesus, the Son of God. Tone: Spiritual. Emphasis on Allegories. Hebrew time
The first three Gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke, are called the Synoptic Gospels. The Synoptic Gospels emphasize Jesus' ministry in Galilee. 11 disciples were from Galilee in the north. Jesus' Judean ministry (Jerusalem) is emphasized in John. Judas Iscariot was the only Judean disciple.
Divisions of the New Testament
- Gospels ("Good News"): Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
- Church History: Acts of the Apostles (written by Luke)
- Epistles: nine were written to churches, four to individuals.
Pauline Epistles: Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews
- Epistles written by others: James (Jesus' half-brother), 1 & 2 Peter, 1, 2 & 3 John, Jude (Jesus' half-brother)
- Future History: Revelation of Jesus Christ
- Simon Peter
- Andrew (Peter's brother)
- James (son of Zebedee)
- John (James' brother)
- Matthew (the tax collector)
- James (son of Alphaeus)
- Simon (the Zealot)
- Judas Iscariot*
*After Judas betrayed Christ, Matthias was chosen by the other disciples to take his place.
Saul (Paul) was chosen by Jesus. (Acts 9:3-6)
The apostles are listed in Matthew 10:2-4.
- "Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven." (Matt. 5:3)
- "Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted." (Matt. 5:4)
- "Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth." (Matt. 5:5)
- "Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled." (Matt. 5:6)
- "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy." (Matt. 5:7)
- "Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God." (Matt. 5:8)
- "Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God." (Matt. 5:9)
- "Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven." (Matt. 5:10)
Introduction: "Our Father which art in heaven." (Matt. 6:9)
- "Hallowed be thy name." (Matt. 6:9)
- "Thy kingdom come." (Matt. 6:10)
- "Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven." (Matt. 6:10)
- "Give us this day our daily bread." (Matt. 6:11)
- "And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors." (Matt. 6:12)
- "And lead us not into temptation." (Matt. 6:13)
- "But deliver us from evil." (Matt. 6:13)
Doxology: "For Thine is the Kingdom, and the power and the glory, for ever. Amen." (Matt. 6:13)
Source: Arthur Pink, The Beatitudes and the Lord's Prayer
- "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do." (Luke 23:34)
- "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:43)
Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. (Isaiah 53:12)
- To His mother) "Woman here is your son."
(To the disciple John) "Here is your mother." (John 19:26-27)
- "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46)
Quoting: My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? (Psalm 22:1)
- "I thirst." (John 19:28)
They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst. (Psalm 69:21)
- "It is finished." The Greek word is "tetelesti" which means "paid in full." (John 19:30)
- "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." (Luke 23:46)
Into your hands I commit my spirit; redeem me, O LORD, the God of truth. (Psalm 31:5)
Source: Arthur Pink, The Seven Sayings of the Savior on the Cross
- I AM the bread of life. (John 6:35, John 6:48)
- I AM the light of the world. (John 8:12, John 9:5)
- I AM the door. (John 10:7)
- I AM the good shepherd. (John 10:11-14)
- I AM the resurrection and the life. (John 11:25)
- I AM the way, the truth and the life. (John 14:6)
- I AM the true vine. (John 15:1, 5)
- Universal or Eternal Kingdom (heaven)
- Spiritual Kingdom (believers)
Comprised of everyone who has experienced new birth through faith in Christ (John 3).
- Theocratic Kingdom (Israel)
Mediatorial (Moses - Saul)
Monarchical (Saul - Babylonian invasion)
- Messianic Kingdom (Millennium)
Fulfillment of Davidic Covenant. Christ rules on earth for 1000 years. Rejected by Israel in Matthew 12 due to the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit.
- Mystery Kingdom (Church age, Matthew 13)
From rejection by Israel of Messianic Kingdom to its future fulfillment. Replaced Messianic Kingdom when Israel rejected Christ.
- The Sower (Matthew 13:1-23)
- The Wheat and Tares (Matthew 13:24-30; 36-43)
- The Mustard Tree (Matthew 13:31-32)
- The Leaven (Matthew 13:33)
- The Hidden Treasure (Matthew 13:44)
- The Pearl (Matthew 13:45-46)
- The Drag Net (Matthew 13:47-50)
- Adam, last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45)
- Alpha and Omega (Revelation 21:6)
- Bread of Life (John 6:35)
- Chief Cornerstone (Ephesians 2:19-20)
- Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4)
- Firstborn from the Dead (Colossians 1:18)
- Good Shepherd (John 10:11)
- Great Shepherd of the Sheep (Hebrews 13:20)
- High Priest (Hebrews 3:1)
- Holy One of God (Mark 1:24)
- Immanuel, God With Us (Matthew 1:23)
- King of Kings, Lord of Lords (Revelation 19:16)
- Lamb of God (John 1:29)
- Light of the World (John 9:5)
- Lion of Judah (Revelation 5:5)
- Lord of Glory (1 Corinthians 2:8)
- Mediator between God and Men (1 Timothy 2:5)
- Only Begotten of the Father (John 1:14)
- Prophet (Acts 3:22)
- Savior (Luke 1:47)
- Seed of Abraham (Galatians 3:16)
- Son of God (Mark 1:1)
- Son of Man (Matthew 18:11)
- The Word (John 1:1)
- Prophet: First Advent, corresponds to Magi's gift of myrrh, which represents death.
The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. (Deuteronomy 18:15)
But Jesus said to them, “Only in his hometown and in his own house is a prophet without honor.” (Matthew 13:57)
- Priest: Jesus is currently our High Priest. Corresponds to Magi's gift of frankincense.
Jesus, who went before us, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek. (Hebrews 6:20)
- King: Second Advent, corresponds to Magi's gift of gold.
They will make war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings — and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers. (Revelation 17:14)
- Mystery of the Incarnation
Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory. (1 Timothy 3:16)
- Mystery of the Divine Indwelling
...the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints. To them God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory. (Colossians 1:26-28)
- Mystery of the Union of Jews and Gentiles in the Church
In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. (Ephesians 3:4-6)
- Mystery of the Seven Stars and Lampstands
The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches. (Revelation 1:20)
- Mystery of the Kingdom of Heaven (Matthew 13)
- Mystery of the Translation of the Saints
Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed — in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” (1 Corinthians 15:51-55)
- Mystery of Israel's Blindness
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. (Romans 11:25)
- Mystery of Iniquity (2 Thessalonians 2:1-12)
- Mystery of Babylon the Great
This title was written on her forehead: MYSTERY BABYLON THE GREAT THE MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. (Revelation 17:5)
- Mystery of the Church, the Bride of Christ
Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, of which he is the Savior. Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything.... This is a profound mystery — but I am talking about Christ and the church. (Ephesians 5:22-33)
- Mystery of the Restoration of All Things
And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment — to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ. (Ephesians 1:9-10)
First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.” (2 Peter 3:3-4)
For the time will come when men will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. (2 Timothy 4:3)
- False Teachers
But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought them — bringing swift destruction on themselves. Many will follow their shameful ways and will bring the way of truth into disrepute. (2 Peter 2:1-2)
The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons. (1 Timothy 4:1)
- Perilous Times
But mark this: There will be terrible times in the last days. People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good, treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God — having a form of godliness but denying its power. Have nothing to do with them. (2 Timothy 3:1-5)
- Heaped Up Treasure
Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming upon you. Your wealth has rotted, and moths have eaten your clothes. Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days. Look! The wages you failed to pay the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty. You have lived on earth in luxury and self-indulgence. You have fattened yourselves in the day of slaughter. You have condemned and murdered innocent men, who were not opposing you. (James 5:1-6)
- Laodicean Church
“To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either one or the other! So, because you are lukewarm — neither hot nor cold — I am about to spit you out of my mouth. You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked. I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire, so you can become rich; and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see. Those whom I love I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest, and repent. Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with him, and he with me. To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”
- Fig-Tree Sign (restoration of the nation of Israel to the land)
“Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. Even so, when you see all these things, you know that it is near, right at the door." (Matthew 24:32-33)
- Distress of Nations
They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. (Luke 21:24-27)
- Noah Days
“Just as it was in the days of Noah, so also will it be in the days of the Son of Man. People were eating, drinking, marrying and being given in marriage up to the day Noah entered the ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all. It was the same in the days of Lot. People were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building. But the day Lot left Sodom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed. (Luke 17:26-30)
- The First Fruits
Christ, then firstfruit saints. (1 Corinthians 15:23, Matthew 27:52-53)
- The Harvest or Ingathering (Rapture)
Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed — in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” (1 Corinthians 15:51-54)
Dead in Christ will rise first. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. (1 Thessalonians 4:16)
Then those alive who are left. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. (1 Thessalonians 4:17)
- The Gleanings (Tribulation Saints)
And he said, “These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." (Revelation 7:14)
I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (Revelation 20:4)
- The Tares (Wicked Dead)
“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’ “‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’” (Matthew 13:28-30)
- Firstfruits (Antichrist and False Prophet)
- Harvest (The lost)
- Gleanings (Millennium lost)
- Believers for Sin / Salvation, on Cross. Christ paid the price once for all
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.” (Galatians 3:13)
- Believers for Works / Judgment of Rewards, in heaven during Tribulation. Judgment seat of Christ (Bema)
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. (2 Corinthians 5:10)
You, then, why do you judge your brother? Or why do you look down on your brother? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. (Romans 14:10)
By the grace God has given me, I laid a foundation as an expert builder, and someone else is building on it. But each one should be careful how he builds. For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ. If any man builds on this foundation using gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or straw, his work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each man’s work. If what he has built survives, he will receive his reward. If it is burned up, he will suffer loss; he himself will be saved, but only as one escaping through the flames. (1 Corinthians 3:10-15)
- Nation of Israel, during the Tribulation
I will bring you from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered — with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. I will bring you into the desert of the nations and there, face to face, I will execute judgment upon you. As I judged your fathers in the desert of the land of Egypt, so I will judge you, declares the Sovereign LORD. I will take note of you as you pass under my rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant. I will purge you of those who revolt and rebel against me. Although I will bring them out of the land where they are living, yet they will not enter the land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the LORD. (Ezekiel 20:34-38)
Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because you have all become dross, I will gather you into Jerusalem. As men gather silver, copper, iron, lead and tin into a furnace to melt it with a fiery blast, so will I gather you in my anger and my wrath and put you inside the city and melt you. I will gather you and I will blow on you with my fiery wrath, and you will be melted inside her. As silver is melted in a furnace, so you will be melted inside her, and you will know that I the LORD have poured out my wrath upon you.’” (Ezekiel 22:19-22)
These are the words the LORD spoke concerning Israel and Judah: “This is what the LORD says: “‘Cries of fear are heard — terror, not peace. Ask and see: Can a man bear children? Then why do I see every strong man with his hands on his stomach like a woman in labor, every face turned deathly pale? How awful that day will be! None will be like it. It will be a time of trouble for Jacob, but he will be saved out of it. (Jeremiah 30:4-7)
At that time Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then. But at that time your people — everyone whose name is found written in the book — will be delivered. (Daniel 12:1)
- Nations, during the 75-day interval, based on how they treated Israel. Sheep/goats
“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left." (Matthew 25:31-46)
This is what the LORD Almighty says: “In those days ten men from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, ‘Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.’ (Zechariah 8:23)
- Wicked, after the Millennium. Great White Throne (Criteria)
Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. Earth and sky fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done. Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:11-15)
- Crown of Life, Martyrs
Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him. (James 1:12)
Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life. (Revelation 2:10)
- Crown of Glory, Elders or Pastors
Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers — not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not greedy for money, but eager to serve; not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away. (1 Peter 5:2-4)
- Crown of Rejoicing, Soul-Winners
For what is our hope, our joy, or the crown in which we will glory in the presence of our Lord Jesus when he comes? Is it not you? Indeed, you are our glory and joy. (1 Thessalonians 2:19-20)
Therefore, my brothers, you whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, that is how you should stand firm in the Lord, dear friends! (Philippians 4:1)
- Crown of Righteousness, for those who love his appearing
Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day — and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing. (2 Timothy 4:8)
- Crown Incorruptible, Victor's Crown
Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training. They do it to get a crown that will not last; but we do it to get a crown that will last forever. Therefore I do not run like a man running aimlessly; I do not fight like a man beating the air. No, I beat my body and make it my slave so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize. (1 Corinthians 9:25-27)
- Mountain of God
You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones. (Ezekiel 28:14)
- Eden of stones and jewels, before his fall. (Job 28)
You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz and emerald, chrysolite, onyx and jasper, sapphire, turquoise and beryl. Your settings and mountings were made of gold; on the day you were created they were prepared. (Ezekiel 28:13)
- Atmospheric heaven, currently
...in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. (Ephesians 2:2)
- Earth, during the tribulation
And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. The great dragon was hurled down — that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: “Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ. For the accuser of our brothers, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down. They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death. Therefore rejoice, you heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has gone down to you! He is filled with fury, because he knows that his time is short.” (Revelation 12:7-12)
The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss. And out of the smoke locusts came down upon the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth. They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads. They were not given power to kill them, but only to torture them for five months. And the agony they suffered was like that of the sting of a scorpion when it strikes a man. During those days men will seek death, but will not find it; they will long to die, but death will elude them.... They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. (Revelation 9:1-11)
Now when they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and kill them. (Revelation 11:7)
The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and will come up out of the Abyss and go to his destruction. (Revelation 17:8)
And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time. (Revelation 20:1-3)
- Lake of Fire. Revelation 14-15.
But the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who had performed the miraculous signs on his behalf. With these signs he had deluded those who had received the mark of the beast and worshiped his image. The two of them were thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning sulfur. (Revelation 19:20)
And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. (Revelation 20:10)
“Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.'" (Matthew 25:41)
- Ascend into heaven
- Exalt my throne above the stars of God
- Sit on the mount of the congregation
- Ascend above the height of the clouds
- Be like the Most High.
You said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High." (Isaiah 14:13-14)
- White Horse, Antichrist
I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest. (Revelation 6:1,2)
- Red Horse, war
When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make men slay each other. To him was given a large sword. (Revelation 6:3,4)
Prophesied in Matthew 24:6,7: You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
- Black Horse, famine
When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand. Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying, “A quart of wheat for a day’s wages, and three quarts of barley for a day’s wages, and do not damage the oil and the wine!” (Revelation 6:5,6)
Prophesied in Matthew 24:7: There will be famines and earthquakes in various places.
- Pale Horse, death
When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth. (Revelation 6:7,8)
- Souls of Tribulation Martyrs
When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained. They called out in a loud voice, “How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of the earth and avenge our blood?” Then each of them was given a white robe, and they were told to wait a little longer, until the number of their fellow servants and brothers who were to be killed as they had been was completed. (Revelation 6:9-11)
- Wrath of the Lamb
I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. The sky receded like a scroll, rolling up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and every slave and every free man hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?” (Revelation 6:12-17)
Prophesied in Joel 2:30,31: I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke. The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.
Prophesied in Matthew 24:29: “Immediately after the distress of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken."
Prophesied in Isaiah 13:9-11: See, the day of the LORD is coming — a cruel day, with wrath and fierce anger — to make the land desolate and destroy the sinners within it. The stars of heaven and their constellations will not show their light. The rising sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light. I will punish the world for its evil, the wicked for their sins. I will put an end to the arrogance of the haughty and will humble the pride of the ruthless.
- Silence in Heaven, then Seven Trumpets
When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. (Revelation 8:1)
- Hail and fire mingled with blood
The first angel sounded his trumpet, and there came hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was hurled down upon the earth. A third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up. (Revelation 8:7)
Like 7th Egyptian plague in Exodus 9:22-26: Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt — on men and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt.” When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the LORD sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt; hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields — both men and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree. The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were.
Prophesied in Joel 2:30: I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke.
- Burning mountain into the sea.
The second angel sounded his trumpet, and something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea. A third of the sea turned into blood, a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed. (Revelation 8:8)
- Great burning star poisons water
The third angel sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water — the name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter. (Revelation 8:10-11)
Prophesied in Jeremiah 9:13-15: The LORD said, “It is because they have forsaken my law, which I set before them; they have not obeyed me or followed my law. Instead, they have followed the stubbornness of their hearts; they have followed the Baals, as their fathers taught them.” Therefore, this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: “See, I will make this people eat bitter food and drink poisoned water.
- Third part of sun, moon, stars darkened
The fourth angel sounded his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark. A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night. (Revelation 8:12)
Prophesied in Luke 21:25-26: “There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken.
- First Woe, Plague of Locusts
The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss. And out of the smoke locusts came down upon the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth. They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads. They were not given power to kill them, but only to torture them for five months. And the agony they suffered was like that of the sting of a scorpion when it strikes a man. During those days men will seek death, but will not find it; they will long to die, but death will elude them. The locusts looked like horses prepared for battle. On their heads they wore something like crowns of gold, and their faces resembled human faces. Their hair was like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. They had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the thundering of many horses and chariots rushing into battle. They had tails and stings like scorpions, and in their tails they had power to torment people for five months. They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. The first woe is past; two other woes are yet to come. (Revelation 9:1-12)
Like 8th Egyptian plague in Exodus 10:1-20: So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the LORD made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts; they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers. Never before had there been such a plague of locusts, nor will there ever be again. They covered all the ground until it was black. They devoured all that was left after the hail — everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt.
- Second Woe, Plague of Horsemen
The sixth angel sounded his trumpet, and I heard a voice coming from the horns of the golden altar that is before God. It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” And the four angels who had been kept ready for this very hour and day and month and year were released to kill a third of mankind. The number of the mounted troops was two hundred million. I heard their number.
The horses and riders I saw in my vision looked like this: Their breastplates were fiery red, dark blue, and yellow as sulfur. The heads of the horses resembled the heads of lions, and out of their mouths came fire, smoke and sulfur. A third of mankind was killed by the three plagues of fire, smoke and sulfur that came out of their mouths. The power of the horses was in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails were like snakes, having heads with which they inflict injury.
The rest of mankind that were not killed by these plagues still did not repent of the work of their hands; they did not stop worshiping demons, and idols of gold, silver, bronze, stone and wood — idols that cannot see or hear or walk. Nor did they repent of their murders, their magic arts, their sexual immorality or their thefts. (Revelation 9:13-21)
- Third Woe, Seven Bowls
The seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, which said: “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he will reign for ever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders, who were seated on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying: “We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was, because you have taken your great power and have begun to reign. The nations were angry; and your wrath has come. The time has come for judging the dead, and for rewarding your servants the prophets and your saints and those who reverence your name, both small and great — and for destroying those who destroy the earth.” Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a great hailstorm. (Revelation 11:15-19)
- Sores on men with mark of the beast
Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go, pour out the seven bowls of God’s wrath on the earth.” The first angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly and painful sores broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and worshiped his image. (Revelation 16:1-2)
Like sixth Egyptian plague in Exodus 9:8-12: Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh. It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boils will break out on men and animals throughout the land.” So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed it into the air, and festering boils broke out on men and animals. The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians.
- Sea turns to blood and everything in the sea dies
The second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead man, and every living thing in the sea died. (Revelation 16:3)
- Rivers will become blood
The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: “You are just in these judgments, you who are and who were, the Holy One, because you have so judged; for they have shed the blood of your saints and prophets, and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.” And I heard the altar respond: “Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments.” (Revelation 16:4-7)
Like first Egyptian plague in Exodus 7:19-24: The LORD said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt — over the streams and canals, over the ponds and all the reservoirs’—and they will turn to blood. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt, even in the wooden buckets and stone jars.”
- Men will be scorched with great heat
The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was given power to scorch people with fire. They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him. (Revelation 16:8, 9)
The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was plunged into darkness. Men gnawed their tongues in agony and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done. (Revelation 16:10-11)
Like ninth Egyptian plague in Exodus 10:21-23: Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness will spread over Egypt — darkness that can be felt.” So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
- Euphrates dried up
The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. (Revelation 16:12)
Prophesied in Isaiah 11:15-16: The LORD will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that men can cross over in sandals. There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.
- Great voice cries "It is Done". Earthquake and great hail.
The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, “It is done!” Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since man has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones of about a hundred pounds each fell upon men. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible. (Revelation 16:17-21)
Prophesied in Zechariah 14:4-5: On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south. You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.
Like seventh Egyptian plague in Exodus 9:13-35: When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the LORD sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt; hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields — both men and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree. The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were.
- Fall (Genesis 3:6-7)
- Flood (Genesis 7)
- Babel (Genesis 11:1-9)
- Plagues of Egypt (Exodus 7-11)
- First Coming
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14)
- Second Coming
I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. (Revelation 19:11)
- New Earth
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. (Revelation 21:1)
Holy Trinity: Father (YHWH), Son (Christ), Holy Spirit
- Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:19)
- May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. (2 Corinthians 13:14)
Unholy Trinity: Dragon (Satan), Beast (Antichrist), False Prophet
- Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. (Revelation 16:13)
- And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. (Revelation 20:10)
- Elohim, "Creator"
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)
- El-Elyon, "God Most High"
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything. (Genesis 14:17-20)
- El-Olam, "Everlasting God"
Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom. He gives strength to the weary and increases the power of the weak. Even youths grow tired and weary, and young men stumble and fall; but those who hope in the LORD will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run and not grow weary, they will walk and not be faint. (Isaiah 40:28-31)
- El-Roi, "Strong One Who Sees"
She (Hagar) gave this name to the LORD who spoke to her: “You are the God who sees me,” for she said, “I have now seen the One who sees me.” (Genesis 16:13)
- El-Shaddai, "God Almighty"
When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty; walk before me and be blameless." (Genesis 17:1)
- Adonai, "Lord Almighty"
“A son honors his father, and a servant his master. If I am a father, where is the honor due me? If I am a master, where is the respect due me?” says the LORD Almighty. “It is you, O priests, who show contempt for my name. (Malachi 1:6)
- Jehovah / YHWH
When the LORD God made the earth and the heavens .... (Genesis 2:4)
- Jehovah-Jireh, "The Lord will provide"
So Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. And to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided.” (Genesis 22:14)
- Jehovah-Maccaddeshem, "The Lord your sanctifier"
“Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the LORD, who makes you holy.'" (Exodus 31:13)
- Jehovah-Nissi, "The Lord our banner"
Moses built an altar and called it The LORD is my Banner. (Exodus 17:15)
- Jehovah-Rapha, "The Lord our healer"
He said, “If you listen carefully to the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you.” (Exodus 15:26)
- Jehovah-Rohi, "The Lord my shepherd"
The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want. (Psalm 23:1)
- Jehovah-Sabbaoth, "The Lord of Hosts"
In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord seated on a throne, high and exalted, and the train of his robe filled the temple. Above him were seraphs, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. And they were calling to one another: “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory.” (Isaiah 6:1-3)
- Jehovah-Shalom, "The Lord is peace"
So Gideon built an altar to the LORD there and called it The LORD is Peace. To this day it stands in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. (Judges 6:24)
- Jehovah-Shammah, "The Lord who is present"
“The distance all around will be 18,000 cubits. “And the name of the city from that time on will be: THE LORD IS THERE.” (Ezekiel 48:35)
- Jehovah-Tsidkenu, "The Lord our righteousness"
In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. This is the name by which he will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness. (Jeremiah 23:6)
- Abaddon, "destruction"
They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. (Revelation 9:11)
Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: “Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ. For the accuser of our brothers, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down." (Revelation 12:10)
Be self-controlled and alert. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. (1 Peter 5:8)
- Angel of Light
And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. (2 Corinthians 11:14)
- Apollyon, "destroyer"
They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. (Revelation 9:11)
- Beelzebub, "lord of the fly"
But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, “It is only by Beelzebub, the prince of demons, that this fellow drives out demons.” (Matthew 12:24)
- Belial, "worthless"
What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? What does a believer have in common with an unbeliever? (2 Corinthians 6:15)
- Devil, "slanderer"
Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil. (Matthew 4:1)
Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads. And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. The great dragon was hurled down — that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. (Revelation 12:3,7,9)
“‘An enemy did this,’ he replied. (Matthew 13:28)
- Evil one
My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. (John 17:15)
- God of this age
The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. (2 Corinthians 4:4)
You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. (John 8:44)
- Murderer (John 8:44)
- Prince of the power of the air
...in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. (Ephesians 2:2)
- Roaring Lion
Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. (1 Peter 5:8)
- Ruler of demons
And the teachers of the law who came down from Jerusalem said, “He is possessed by Beelzebub! By the ruler of demons he is driving out demons.” (Mark 3:22)
- Ruler of this world
Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. (John 12:31)
- Satan, "adversary"
Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan. (1 Timothy 5:15)
- Serpent of old
The great dragon was hurled down — that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. (Revelation 12:9)
He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. (Revelation 20:2)
For this reason, when I could stand it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith. I was afraid that in some way the tempter might have tempted you and our efforts might have been useless. (1 Thessalonians 3:5)
- Antichrist, "opposed to / instead of Christ"
Who is the liar? It is the man who denies that Jesus is the Christ. Such a man is the antichrist — he denies the Father and the Son. (1 John 2:22)
- Man of Sin, Son of Perdition
Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition. (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
- The Lawless One
And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will overthrow with the breath of his mouth and destroy by the splendor of his coming. (2 Thessalonians 2:8)
- The Beast
Now when they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and kill them. (Revelation 11:7)
- Bloody and Deceitful Man
You destroy those who tell lies; bloodthirsty and deceitful men the LORD abhors. (Psalm 5:6)
- The Wicked One
In his arrogance the wicked man hunts down the weak, who are caught in the schemes he devises. In his pride the wicked does not seek him; in all his thoughts there is no room for God. (Psalm 10:2,4)
- The Man of the Earth
...defending the fatherless and the oppressed, in order that man, who is of the earth, may terrify no more. (Psalm 10:18)
- The Mighty Man
Why do you boast of evil, you mighty man? Why do you boast all day long, you who are a disgrace in the eyes of God? (Psalm 52:1)
- The Enemy
...at the voice of the enemy, at the stares of the wicked; for they bring down suffering upon me and revile me in their anger. (Psalm 55:3)
- The Adversary
They said in their hearts, “We will crush them completely!” They burned every place where God was worshiped in the land. We are given no miraculous signs; no prophets are left, and none of us knows how long this will be. How long will the adversary mock you, O God? Will the foe revile your name forever? (Psalm 74:8-10)
According to what they have done, so will he repay wrath to his enemies and retribution to his foes; he will repay the islands their due. (Isaiah 59:18)
- Head over Many Countries
He shall judge among the nations, he shall fill the places with dead bodies, he shall execute the heads of many countries. (Psalm 110:6)
- The Violent Man
Deliver me, O Lord, from evil men; preserve me from violent men. (Psalm 140:1)
- The Assyrian
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger and the staff in whose hand is My indignation.... Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Lord has performed all His work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, that He will say, "I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his haughty looks." (Isaiah 10:5,12)
- King of Babylon
Take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say: "How the oppressor has ceased, the golden city ceased!" (Isaiah 14:4)
- Lucifer, Son of the Morning
"How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, you who weakened the nations!" (Isaiah 14:12)
- The Spoiler
Let My outcasts dwell with you, O Moab; be a shelter to them from the face of the spoiler. (Isaiah 16:4,5)
- The Nail
In that day, says the Lord of hosts, 'the nail that is fastened in the secure place will be removed and be cut down and fall, and the burden that was on it will be cut off; for the Lord has spoken.' (Isaiah 22:25)
- The Branch of the Terrible Ones
You will reduce the noise of aliens, as heat in a dry place; as heat in the shadow of a cloud, the branch of the terrible ones will be diminished. (Isaiah 25:5)
- The Profane and Wicked Prince of Israel
Now to you, O profane, wicked prince of Israel, whose day has come, whose iniquity shall end.... (Ezekiel 21:25-27)
- The Little Horn
I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words. (Daniel 7:8)
- The Prince that shall come
And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.... (Daniel 9:26)
- The Vile Person
And in his place shall arise a vile person, to whom they will not give the honor of royalty; but he shall come in peaceably, and seize the kingdom by intrigue. (Daniel 11:21)
- The Willful King
Then the king shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done. (Daniel 11:36)
- The Worthless Shepherd
For indeed I will raise up a shepherd in the land who will not care for those who are cut off, nor seek the young, nor heal those that are broken, nor feed those that still stand. But he will eat the flesh of the fat and tear their hooves in pieces. "Woe to the worthless shepherd who leaves the flock! A sword shall be against his arm and against his right eye; his arm shall completely wither, and his right eye shall be totally blinded." (Zechariah 11:16,17)
- The Angel of the Bottomless Pit
And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit. (Revelation 9:11)
Source: Arthur W. Pink, The Antichrist
Go on to Feasts of the Lord Calendar Bible Study
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